Assessment and Management of polar PACs in contaminated soils and remedial processes
1-10-2011 – 31-3-2014


Parties involved:

The objectives of this project are to assess to what extend the compounds belonging to the group polar PACs (e.g. oxy-PAHs and azaarenes) involve additional risk at PAH-contaminated sites, and also to find ways to manage and reduce this potential risk. The first objective will be fulfilled through collection of data regarding the occurrence and distribution of polar PACs at contaminated sites, their potential formation in remediation processes as well as regarding their negative effects on human health and the environment. The data collected will be supplemented by sampling and monitoring at selected contaminated sites, and by experimental studies of selected remediation processes in laboratory and field conditions.

The second objective will be fulfilled by data collection aiming at identifying knowledge gaps that need to be filled for proper risk assessment of the polar PACs (e.g. for the development of generic guideline values for the compounds), supplemented by experimental studies that will fill some of these gaps (i.e. leaching experiments), and by identifying and evaluating remediation processes that potentially can minimize the risk associated with polar PAC formation.

The knowledge gained with the project will be important in future risk assessments of PAC-contaminated sites, and also in the decisions regarding how the risk at these sites should be managed. Analytical development will be valorised both as pre-normative and as pre-regulatory research. Furthermore, the project will facilitate the dissemination of the knowledge gained about polar PACs, both within the partner countries as well as in whole Europe.

 Project Deliverables

 Peer-reviewed publications

Ghislain T., Faure P., Michels R. (2012) Detection and Monitoring of PAHs and Oxy-PAHs by High Resolution Mass Spectrometry: Comparison of ESI, APCI and APPI source detection. Journal of the American Society for Mass Spectrometry 23: 530-536.

Usman M., Faure P., Rubya C., Hannaet K. (2012) Remediation of PAH-contaminated soils by magnetite catalyzed Fenton-like oxidation. Applied.Catalysis.B: Environmental 117-118: 10-17. doi:10.1016/j.apcatb.2012.01.007

Usman M., Faure P., Rubya C., Hannaet K. (2012) Application of magnetite-activated persulfate oxidation for the degradation of PAHs in contaminated soils. Chemosphere 87:234-240. doi:10.1016/j.chemosphere.2012.01.001

Niziolek-Kierecka M., Dreij K., Lundstedt S., Stenius U. (2012) γH2AX, pChk1 and Wip1 as potential markers of persistent DNA damage derived from Dibenzo[a,l]pyrene and PAH-containing extracts from contaminated soils. Chemical Research in Toxicology 25: 862-872. doi:10.1021/tx200436n

Biache C., Faure P., Mansuy-Huault L., Cébron A., Beguiristain T., Leyval C. (2013) Biodegradation of the organic matter in a coking plant soil and its main constituents. Organic geochemistry 56: 10-18.

Cébron A., Faure P., Lorgeoux C., Ouvrard S., Leyval C. (2013) Experimental increase in availability of a PAH complex organic contamination from an aged contaminated soil: Consequences on biodegradation. Environmental pollution 177:98-105

Biache C., Mansuy-Huault L., Faure P. (2014). Impact of oxidation and biodegradation on the most commonly used polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbon (PAH) diagnostic ratios: Implications for the source identifications. Journal of Hazardous Materials., 267, 31-39.

Lundstedt S., Bandowe B.A.M., Wilcke W., Boll E., Christensen J.H.,Vila J., Grifoll M., Faure P., Biache C., Lorgeoux C., Larsson M., Frech Irgum K., Ivarsson P., Ricci M. (2014) First intercomparison study on the analysis of oxygenated polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (oxy-PAHs) and nitrogen heterocyclic polycyclic aromatic compounds (N-PACs) in contaminated soil. Trends in Analytical Chemistry 57: 83-92.

Arp HP.H., Lundstedt S., Josefsson S., Cornelissen G., Enell A., Allard A-S., Berggren Kleja D. (2014) Native Oxy-PAHs, N-PACs and PAHs in historically contaminated soils from Sweden, Belgium and France: Their soil-porewater partitioning behavior, bioaccumulation in Enchytraeus crypticus and bioavailability. Environmental Science & Technology 48:11187-11195.

Biache C., Kouadio O., Lorgeoux C., Faure P. (2014) Impact of clay mineral on air oxidation of PAH-contaminated soils. Environmental Science and Pollution Research 21: 11017-11026

Biache C., Kouadio O., Hanna K., Lorgeoux C., Faure P. (2014) Role of goethite during air oxidation of PAH contaminated soils. Chemosphere 117, 823-829. doi:10.1016/j.chemosphere.2014.11.004

Hanser O., Biache C., Boulangé M., Parant S., Lorgeoux C., Billet D., Michels R., Faure P. (2015) Evolution of dissolved organic matter during abiotic oxidation of coal tar – comparison with contaminated soils under natural attenuation. Environmental Science and Pollution Research 22: 1431-1443.

Josefsson S., Arp HP.H., Berggren Kleja D., Enell A., Lundstedt S. (2015) Determination of polyoxymethylene (POM) – water partitioning coefficients for oxy-PAHs and PAHs. Chemosphere 119:1268-1274.

Lemieux C.L., Long A.S., Lambert I.B., Lundstedt S., Tysklind M., White P.A. (2015) In Vitro mammalian mutagenicity of complex polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbon mixtures in contaminated soils. Environmental Science & Technology 49: 1787-1796.

Lemieux C.L., Long A.S., Lambert I.B., Lundstedt S., Tysklind M., White P.A. (2015) Cancer risk assessment of polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbon contaminated soils determined using bioassay-derived levels of benzo[a]pyrene equivalents. Environmental Science & Technology 49:1797-1805.

Wincent E., Jönsson M.E., Bottai M., Lundstedt S., Dreij K. (2015) Aryl hydrocarbon receptor activation and development toxicity in zebrafish in response to soil extracts containing unsubstituted and oxygenated PAHs. Environmental Science & Technology 49: 3869-3877.

Biache C., Lorgeoux C., Anadriatsihoarana S., Colombano S., Faure P. (2015) Effect of pre-heating on the chemical oxidation efficiency: implications for the PAH availability measurement in contaminated soils. Journal of Hazardous Materials 286: 55-63. doi:10.1016/j.jhazmat.2014.12.041